Cultivation of sweet corn can be grown in former rice fields directly or can be made beds . If the ex- rice land use , keep the soil is not waterlogged . The pile on corn serves to regulate drainage . Beds can be made with a width of 1 meter and a height of 20-30 cm . Adjust the distance between beds of 30 cm . In one plot can be planted two lines of plants .
basis for organic sweet corn cultivation should be a mixture of chicken
manure with cow dung or goat with a 1:1 composition . Chicken manure gave the N levels and more quickly decompose , whereas
cow or goat manure richer in K and P. The need for fertilizers with
organic methods is about 5 tons per hectare .Planting and care
The most effective planting sweet corn by ditugal . Make the hole as deep as 2-3 cm and then input 2 for corn grain . After that, cover with soil and compost , then flush that soil moisture is maintained. Cultivation of sweet corn seed requirement is 8 kg per hectare .
Spacing on the cultivation of sweet corn is 60-75 cm . Spacing is to follow the ideal population size of plants . Cultivation of sweet corn will Munai good results with keeping the plant population as 34000-37000 plants per hectare .
Tips for successful cultivation of organic sweet cornPest and disease control
Pests that are found in the cultivation of sweet corn borer , among others , cob borer , grasshoppers , aphids and mice . The following properties tanman pests on sweet corn :
Corn borer ( O. furnacalis ) , these pests attacking crops in the vegetative and generative vase . Crop damage occurs because the larvae bored into the trunk of the plant to get food . Corn borer can be controlled by adjusting the rotational cropping technically as with soy and peanuts . Besides it can also cut with the male flowers and apply the appropriate planting time . Biological eradication by utilizing natural enemies such as Trichogramma spp . or naturalAgen Judi Bola predators that prey Euborellia annulata larvae .
Caterpillars Cob ( H. armigera ) , these pests attacking corn cobs . At first imago leave eggs on the hairs of corn . Once the larvae grow will be entered into the cob . These pests have a habit of moving around, so that the damage to the corn cob can be more than the number of larvae .