Campaign utilization and usefulness of sorghum in Indonesia began intensively conducted since 1955. Possible that the development of sorghum by farmers in Indonesia have been done long before this period, but related note it is still miniBisnis onlinemal. Hereditary, sorghum cultivation has been carried out in several parts of Indonesia, especially Java, South Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). One of the distinctive nature of resistance to sorghum is tolerant of drought and waterlogging. Sorghum is one type of cereal crops that have great potential to be developed in Indonesia because it has a wide area of adaptation.
Can production in marginal lands, as well as relatively resistant to pests / diseases. Sorghum is an alternative crop for food, feed, energy, and industry.
Sorghum is a plant native to tropical regions and subtropical southeastern part of the Pacific and Australasia. Some other sources even mention this plant originated from Africa with 32 species.
Among these species, the most widely cultivated species of Sorghum bicolor is (japonicum). Globally, sorghum is an important food crop and ranks after wheat, rice, maize and barley. Sorghum is cultivated in many countries and approximately 80% of the planting area is in the region of Africa and Asia. Manufacturers of sorghum world dominated by the U.S., India, Nigeria, China, Mexico, Sudan and Argentina.
commonly known as the Java community as the "hook" or in some local
languages in Flores, known as "watar" this family with cereal crops
such as rice, corn, and wheat and other crops such as bamboo and cane. Sorghum has an average height of 2.5 to 4 meters. Trees and leaves of sorghum is very similar to corn. Type the sweet sorghum has a high content of cork on the rod so that
the potential to serve as a source of raw materials as well as sugar
Sorghum leaf shaped elongated straight. Sorghum seeds are round with a conical tip, measuring about 2 mm in diameter. One tree has a single stem of sorghum which has several branches of fruit. Productivity of sorghum in Indonesia is very volatile. This is because the cultivation of sorghum is not yet stable. Some have even gone as sorghum mention political berasnisasi vigorous since the New Order. The
condition is getting worse because of the level of sorghum cultivation
has not reached a stable number because of the lack of utilization of
sorghum for specific purposes. Some local people only make sorghum as a crop in the land between the garden and as an alternative food before the famine. Difficulty superior local seed is also one of the causes of the farmers do not cultivate sorghum regularly.
"The seeds of high quality local hard earned so necessary fortitude to find it. I must get around to Flores, Timor and Sumba as well as several other
areas to get sorghum seed farmers who never cultivated for decades,
"said Maria Loretha active assisting hundreds of farmers for the
cultivation of sorghum in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT).
InvestasiSome studies suggest the protein content in grain sorghum is very hi